Brazil recently called it split with the United States in terms of internet connection after the NSA reveal by Edward Snowden. It further affirms its stance, together with Germany, as it creates a Lisbon-routed internet connection that bypasses Miami, putting Brazil’s information away from the spying eyes of the US.
Truly, the actions of many countries, including those in the Middle East and China, in terms of protecting information coming inside and outside of their networks, signify a great mistrust of the developer of the Internet. Currently, technology companies from the United States, such as Google, Microsoft, Yahoo, AOL and others, are asking for it to renew its surveillance laws. If the laws do not change, people may avoid the very technology that makes up at least 25% of the US’ economy.
I do not think these technology companies will have it bad because the internet will become ‘splintered’, or split exclusive only to respective countries. Their technology will still be used, but smaller to medium businesses may suffer because of delays.
Upon balkanization of the internet, many websites will need permission from the local regulators to send information over to their borders. This will take time upon evulation, and may not even be successful upon rejection.
Global business development will definitely take a very slow turn upon internet balkanization. Indeed it is a very bad idea to have total surveillance, but it is a more economica problem if we completely cut ties from all over the world.